Manfreds Mourning and Cains Melancholia: A Freudian Comparison of Lord Byrons Two Metaphysical Heroes

Pamela Kao


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Lord Byron; Poetry; Psychoanalysis; Freud

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Works Cited: Primary

Byron, George Gordon, Baron Byron. Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann and Barry Weller. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980-93.

Freud, Sigmund. Sigmund Freud. Ed. and trans. James Strachey. 15 vols. Penguin Freud Library. London: Penguin, 1990-93.

Works Cited: Secondary

Boker, Pamela A. Byron's Psychic Prometheus: Narcissism and Self-Transformation in the Dramatic Poem Manfred. Literature and Psychology 38.1-2 (1992): 1-37.

Luke, K. McCormick. Lord Byrons Manfred: A Study of Alienation from Within. University of Toronto Quarterly 40.1 (1970): 15-26.

MacDonald, D. L. Incest, Narcissism and Demonality in Byron's Manfred. Mosaic 25.2 (1992): 25-38.

McVeigh, Daniel M. Manfreds Curse. Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 22 (1982): 601-12.

Marchand, Leslie A. Byrons Poetry: A Critical Introduction. London: John Murray, 1965.

Martin, Philip W. Byron: A Poet before his Public. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Richardson, Alan. The Dangers of Sympathy: Sibling Incest in English Romantic Poetry. Studies in English Literature 25 (1985): 737-54.

Rutherford, Andrew. Byron: A Critical Study. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1961.

Stein, Atara. I Loved Her and Destroyed Her: Love and Narcissism in Byrons Manfred. Philological Quarterly 69 (1990): 189-215.

Twitchell, James. The Supernatural Structure of Byrons Manfred. SEL 15 (1975): 601-14.


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